Prekindergarten education has the potential to improve "reading-by-third-grade" outcomes. Early Childhood programs can also help to address disparities in literacy achievement. Research suggest that each of the ten practices in Essential Instructional Practices in Early Literacy can have a positive impact on literacy development. Feel free to view the entire document at: www.migeln.org.
The 10 Essentials include: intentional use of literacy artifacts in dramatic play and throughout the classroom, read aloud with reference to print, interactive read aloud with a comprehension and vocabulary focus, play with sounds inside words, brief, clear, explicit instruction in letter names, the sound(s) associated with the letters, and how letters are shaped and formed, interactions around writing, extended conversation, provision of abundant reading material in the classroom, ongoing observation and assessment of children's language and literacy development that informs their education, and collaboration with families in promoting literacy.